Back in October last year, I posted about the Russians’ deploying TOS-1 “Buratino” thermobaric multi-launch rocket systems. [stderr]
The Russian military preference leans toward huge artillery-parks and massive suppressive fire, then the soldiers march in through the rubble. I was afraid that Mosul would turn into a field of “kill them all and let god sort them out.” It’s headed that direction: Mosul is under siege and the forces investing the city are destroying anyone who appears to be trying to leave except through checkpoints where they are being searched and disarmed.
In case anyone doesn’t understand what that means: “surrender or die” and running means you didn’t surrender. This is a tradition of sieges that goes back to the dawn of warfare with little change, though some besiegers like the Mongols had a policy that was “if anyone resists, everyone dies.” Mosul is a city, or was a city of about 2.5 million people – now down considerably – around 1/2 million. Why did they stay? Perhaps they did not want to become refugees living in a camp somewhere, perhaps they couldn’t flee, perhaps, perhaps, perhaps. It doesn’t really matter: they ought to have the right to stay, to live without being bombed because of decisions made by nationalists concerned about power, appearance, and posture. They aren’t pawns in some big game of chess, they’re people – but they’ve been placed between a bunch of gun-toting yahoos that they hate and another bunch of gun-toting yahoos that they hate. I doubt very much that national identity, the advantages of free-market capitalism, or what president has the biggest hands really means very much to them at all. I can’t imagine what it’s like to be a civilian in a city that has been turned into a shithole of rubble, and not to be so filled with anger and hatred that I’d reflexively support whichever side was trying to hurt the winner – on the basis that the “winner” was the meanest and most lethal bunch of gun-toting yahoos and I was going to be left having to deal with them.While London is reeling from the death of six people, and forty injured, that would be “a good day” in Mosul.
“Credible reports indicate that more than 231 civilians attempting to flee western Mosul have been killed since 26 May, including at least 204 over three days last week alone,” the U.N. human rights office said in a statement. [reuters]
What makes the situation worse for the civilians in Mosul is that ISIS will kill them if they try to leave, and the anti-ISIS alliance will kill them if they don’t show up, disarmed and clearly unthreatening, at a checkpoint. So, imagine what a civilian faces trying to decide they’re going to run for the checkpoint: they get shot in the back or in the front, but either way they get shot. It’s safer to stay in the city and hope the fighting swirls through some other part of the city.
The Russians haven’t been plastering the city with thermobaric rockets (though apparently they are using them in the Syrian countryside) but the Americans are using white phosphorus artillery shells.
The US fig-leaf is that it’s Iraqi government troops that are calling in the artillery, so it’s not Americans firing area-effect pyrophorics into a city. Never mind that the guns that are firing the shells are American, it’s American hands loading the guns, and the shells were made in America, and paid for by the US Taxpayers. As you can see from the pictures, white phosphorus shells burst above the target and scatter ferociously burning chunks of metal in a blast-cone underneath. Anything that can burn, does, when it gets white phosphorus on it. You can’t put it out – a veteran friend once told me that the only thing you can do is dig it out with a knife, if it gets on you, because the fat in your meat will ignite and you’ll burn like a candle. The US has decided that white phosphorus is acceptable for military use because it’s not exactly a “chemical munition” and it’s just artillery. Similarly, the US has decided that depleted uranium is acceptable for military use because it’s not being employed because it’s toxic, it’s being employed because it makes good ammunition.
COL. DORRIAN: Well, I’ll start with the white phosphorous one. Those are being used in accordance with our rules, they’re being used in accordance with the laws of armed conflict and we always attempt to do the very best that we can to use any of our weapons, be they white phosphorous or any other, in a manner that has a minimal or as little as possible impact on civilians. So, what you’ve cited there is some allegation, I’m not aware of any allegations against U.S. forces for their use of white phosphorous at all. [us dod]
Here’s a key to decoding that: “I’m not aware of any allegations against…” means that Col. Dorrian deliberately lives under a rock, like a proper DoD spokesperson, so he’s not aware and thus he can say that. Oh, did I mention that Dorrian was giving his briefing at Baghram AFB in Afghanistan, and not anywhere near where he might be aware of what is going on in Syria? The bit about the weapons being used in accordance with our rules – that’s the same argument that the CIA torturers used (and continue to use) – the rules they were following were the ones that were rewritten to be ‘legal’ because that’s what it says in the rules. Does anyone doubt for a second that it would be extremely against the rules if that flaming metal was igniting rooftops in Baltimore, Maryland? Or Seattle? Meanwhile, take a look at those cones of flaming shit falling into a city: that’s what “precision bombing” looks like. I’m sure that the DOD would first say it was a smoke barrage requested by the Iraqis, and – if that didn’t end discussion – it was Iraqi spotters that called the fire and we were just following orders.
Of course, there have been attempts to regulate the use of such weapons. There are Geneva protocols against incendiary weapons, which the US is signatory to. But the US did something sneaky: it included a “signing statement:”
Upon Consent to be bound by Protocol III
“The United States of America, with reference to Article 2, paragraphs 2 and 3, reserves the right to use incendiary weapons against military objectives located in concentrations of civilians where it is judged that such use would cause fewer casualties and/or less collateral damage than alternative weapons, but in so doing will take all feasible precautions with a view to limiting the incendiary effects to the military objective and to avoiding, and in any event to minimizing, incidental loss of civilian life, injury to civilians and damage to civilian objects.”
“It is the understanding of the United States of America that any decision by any military commander, military personnel, or any other person responsible for planning, authorizing or executing military action shall only be judged on the basis of that person’s assessment of the information reasonably available to the person at the time the person planned, authorized, or executed the action under review, and shall not be judged on the basis of information that comes to light after the action under review was taken.” [untc]
Shorter US: “This does not apply to the US.”
Meanwhile, I admire the many other nations that also included signing statements, such as Ireland:
With regard to the reservation made by the United States of America upon consenting to be bound by Protocol III to the above Convention:
“The Government of Ireland has examined the reservation made on 21 January 2009 by the United States of America to Article 2, paragraphs 2 and 3 of Protocol III to the Convention on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Certain Conventional Weapons which may be deemed to be Excessively Injurious or to have Indiscriminate Effects upon notification of its consent to be bound thereby.
The provisions to which the aforesaid reservation refers prohibit, with one exception, the use of incendiary weapons against military objectives located within concentrations of civilians. The Government of Ireland regards the reservation made by the United States of America as invalid, inasmuch as it is incompatible with the object and purpose of Protocol III.
The Government of Ireland therefore objects to the aforesaid reservation made by the United States of America.
This objection shall not preclude the entry into force of Protocol III between Ireland and the United States of America.”
It’s instructive to read through the list of comments. Israel waffles, the UK waffles, China semi-waffles. All the civilized countries that included a signing statement, include something like Ireland’s, i.e: “we don’t agree with you.” Remember this when you see someone like Col. Dorrian, who says that weapons are being used in accordance with our rules – because our rules are “there are no rules.”
I am so sick of talking about war crimes. It’s all a crime. Imagine if ISIS wrote a “signing statement” that driving cars into crowds and slashing people with knives is acceptable because blah blah blah.. Think that’d wash with the British? Think the families of the victims would say, “oh, that’s all right, then”?
It seems that the best that humanity can do is “it could be worse.”
This is the kind of news we’re going to keep getting: [dod] “Many of these watercraft were being used to ferry ISIL fighters and equipment across the Tigris River from East to West Mosul in an attempt to escape the Iraqi Security Forces as they continued to clear the remaining portions of East Mosul.” It’s our pal Dorrian again.
There won’t be parades with happy locals scattering rose-petals under the tank treads. Those celebrations only happen at the conqueror’s safe capital cities, far away from the bleeding and the smoke and the dust of powdered concrete. There will be a lot of picking up, digging out, starting over, and trying to figure out what happened to friends and family and what’s left of life that can be reassembled. It is always thus. Does anyone harbor realistic fantasies that a unified Iraq with a democratic government is going to emerge from this mess that the Bush administration created?
When you hear American politicians talk about “no boots on the ground” and “precision strikes” and “supporting local forces” it’s all propaganda and lies.
PS – if some media talking head starts rambling on about the beauty of our weapons, please just punch them for me. It’s OK, when I consented to US law, I signed a statement that says I’m allowed to deploy or designate the deployment of fists when I deem it’s necessary.
Not fine as such, but legal, as mandated by the ISIS Department of Defence, approved by the ISIS Congress and thoroughly endorsed by the POTISIS, who also thought it made a great talking point to bolster his support. Wait, that looks a bit off. Oh, mispelled US.
Regarding the fig leaf: Unless I’m mistaken those Iraqi troops who just happen to rely on US artillery units were likely also trained by the US. But whatever anyone does with US military training and equipment is not the US’ fault. Why, if the United States ever accepted responsibility for that there’d have to be some serious introspection.
Marcus Ranum says
Why, if the United States ever accepted responsibility for that there’d have to be some serious introspection.
No, we must not look back, we have to look forward. “We blew the crap outta some folks” but that’s not really who we are as a country
Yadda yadda dadda fuck yadda.
It sounds like you hate America. All I see is selfless Americans trying to bring freedom to the rest of the world.
I can’t wait to be “saved” by white phosphorus, myself.
Marcus Ranum says
It sounds like you hate America.
Marcus Ranum says
I wouldn’t even want Col Dorrian to experience white phosophorus. Although, I think that if he could somehow experience the suffering he’s so glib about, he’d maybe not be so glib about it.
These horrible assholes don’t realize that those people are like themselves: they have families, parents, kids, lovers, annoying friends. They want to get on with their lives and mostly be left alone. But, no, some ideological nutbag has to go dumping WP on the place where they live, and calling it “we’re trying to help you.”
“‘It became necessary to destroy the town to save it’, a United States major said today. He was talking about the decision by allied commanders to bomb and shell the town regardless of civilian casualties, to rout the Vietcong.”
Marcus Ranum says
‘It became necessary to destroy the town to save it’,
How many times I have heard that quoted, to illustrate the insanity of the Vietnam War. Apparently the US is incapable of learning a damn thing.
>>It sounds like you hate America.
Non-facetious question: why continue to live there? I could probably name a dozen civilised countries off the top of my head that would be happy to have you and which you would find at least less hateful.
Oh, and it’s been said by others too but:
London is not and never was “reeling”, or “under siege”, or any of the other over-dramatic bollocks the US press was making up. Three losers hired a van and bought some chichi kitchen knives, it’s hardly the bloodyLuftwaffe. It wasn’t even the IRA, who managed some considerably more sophisticated attacks on the city with the weapons they bought with American money, and I don’t remember London “reeling” from any of those. In fact in my lifetime I remember London “reeling” from just one thing, and that was a car crash that happened in Paris.
So, it’s not Dresden. I only mention this because there seems to be at least some introspection over that one even if the story focuses on the justifications or the awful results depending on the telling. It at least comes up somewhat consistently when that period is talked about. How is Mosul different? The chemical warfare formula isn’t the same as the one used in Dresden? It’s conveniently not in central Europe?
I started to write “I want electric cars and alternative energy” but oil money is only part of it. Defense spending is a ridiculous monster in the budget and no one can seem to tame it. Wars are the solution that creates more problem but like any good con you’re looking in the wrong direction when it happens. And yet even swimming in money they can’t bother funding NASA consistently.
Actually, can we get more NASA and less bombing? I like the pictures better. No seriously. Meaningful arguments don’t seem to get much traction. Maybe inane trivialities will work better.