Recently there emerged from Pakistan disturbing news of a renewed campaign against polio vaccination, in which a doctor involved in such a program was shot. Pakistan is one of the few remaining countries (along with Afghanistan and Nigeria) where polio has not been eradicated.
This latest setback is suspected to be because the Taliban thinks that public health workers may be being used as spies to identify targets for US drone attacks, coupled with ignorant clerics who think that vaccination programs are anti-Islamic for some reason, probably thinking along the lines of those who used to worry that fluoridation of water was some evil Commie plot to pollute our precious bodily fluids.
It did not help in the least that it is now widely known that the CIA used a fake polio vaccination campaign in its plan to flush out Osama bin Laden, further fuelling those suspicions.
Health workers were horrified at the use of public health programs to pursue a military goal because they believed it would make their work harder. 2011 was the worst year in Pakistan in more than a decade, with over 200 new polio cases being detected.