People in the US, especially its political ruling class, constantly boast that the nation is the world’s greatest democracy. But of all the major democracies, it is the one that makes voting hardest, making a mockery of the claim. There are all manner of obstacles placed in the path of registering voters and voting itself, such as requiring onerous documentation from voters, inadequate numbers of polling sites, requiring people to sometimes travel huge distances to vote, poorly trained poll workers, malfunctioning machines, holding it on a working day instead of a weekend, and so on. The number of failings is truly mind-boggling.
Compare this with Indian elections. Like the US, India has a federal structure. It has an 800 million voting age population, far greater than the 250 million or so in the US. But, and this is important, by law each voter should not have to travel for more that 2 km (about 1.25 miles) to their polling place. As a result, the election system is designed to take voting machines to the remotest part of the country, sometimes into deep jungles, using elephants and forging rivers, if there is even a single voter living there. And yet, they manage to have elections that are reputedly fair and efficient. I discussed this in some detail in a post last year.
The difference only makes sense if you realize that India seeks to maximize the number of people voting while in the US, the goal is to actually reduce the number, especially of marginalized groups.