How to make science more inclusive

We can be better, and the Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology shows how it’s done. Their journal published an article describing the steps they were taking to make SICB more inclusive and representative, and show the state of affairs in their membership.

The ethnic (top panel) and gender (middle panel) composition of SICB membership and the ICB editorial board (data from 2019) compared with the US and NSF census (data from 2015 US census and 2017 NSF survey). Bottom panel: Gender composition of the ICB editorial board since the journal’s foundation (median per decade).

The top graph is the ethnic distribution, and while the percentage of people of color in the society is somewhat lower than it is in the population of Ph.D.s, and significantly lower than the overall population, the key thing is that the population in leadership roles, that is the editorial board of their journal, is proportional to the population in the general membership. That sets the direction they’ll be taking.

The second graph is the gender distribution, and it’s roughly a healthy 50:50; maybe women are a little over-represented on the editorial board, but that’s also a smaller population with more variation. It’s worth noting, too, that over half the population of Ph.D.s in the country are women, so you’d better start paying more attention. Before the usual neandertals start whining about how women are in more ‘soft’ disciplines, note that over half the population of SICB, a highly technical field, are women. I should also point out that it doesn’t matter what discipline you’re talking about, all those non-STEM fields also require rigor and discipline and hard work.

The real eye-opener is that third graph, which shows the history of SICB. Sixty years ago, it was a very ‘masculine’ organization, with only about 10% of the SICB editorial board women; it rose to about one quarter women in the 80s, surging abruptly to 60% this year. That is a big deal. Changing the gate-keepers opens up new opportunities.

Researchers from non-prestigious institutions or minority groups face hurdles in publishing and in obtaining funding; for example, female scientists publish relatively less and get fewer citations than their male counterparts due to bias, such as gender differences in self-citation. Just as female and non-white authors remain underrepresented in the USA, so do authors from low-income and Global-South countries. In many scientific areas male, majority ethnic, and US scientists remain over-represented as gatekeepers (peer reviewers, editors) and lead authors. Although editorial boards have become more inclusive, most journals in the life sciences are still led by editors from US institutions and by men: in 2018, of the top 100 journals in life sciences as ranked in a 2009 study, 78 had a male editor in chief and 68 had an editor in chief affiliated with a US-based institution. Of the 22 female editors in chief, 17 were affiliated with US-based institutions. In contrast, women made up more than half of all PhDs granted in the USA in 2017 (Fig. 1), and the USA granted fewer than a quarter of doctoral degrees worldwide in 2018.

I’ve been to SICB a few times (not as much as I’d like, but their January annual meeting time doesn’t fit my schedule well), and there’s always been a lot of interesting work presented there. The directions they’re taking only make me want to go more often.


  1. consciousness razor says

    cag, #1: I don’t know what’s going on there.
    Suppose we just swap the numbers for Whites like you suggest, so the Asian/Black/LatinX values in the census bar are taken to be accurate. But 100-6-13-18=63, not 72. That’s at least closer to 72 than it is to 77, but not enough to accounted for by a simple rounding error. The 101% for the PhD data that you’d get from the swap could be, but not the 109% for the census.

  2. Emu Sam says

    They left out any “Other” category and it doesn’t say how they represent multiracial people. Could that account for it?

  3. anchor says

    Another one who has climbed onto the convenient bandwagon perpetuating the popular slander against Neanderthal people? Man, not even extinction allows that ethic group a chance to escape from the nasty so-called ‘modern human’ penchant of degrading them with their superior notion of ‘ethics’. I thought you of all people would have known better than that.

  4. says

    such things like membership in any society will be obviously delayed in adjusting to changing times.
    I don’t know how much impact changing gatekeepers really have, maybe it is not as much important as some people think but either way it will be interesting to see the results

  5. consciousness razor says

    They left out any “Other” category and it doesn’t say how they represent multiracial people. Could that account for it?

    No, although you do raise a good point. With the proposed swap from cag, the totals of the groups which are explicitly represented are over 100%: 101% and 109%. So, adding one or more new categories makes that issue worse, because a new one would have to get a positive number (as a percentage of a population), increasing the discrepancy even more.
    It may be that a multiracial (or other) group has already been absorbed into one or more of the current groups, which would mean the current figures (no matter how you slice it) are just plain wrong, although probably not by a very large amount.