The discovery by the Hubble telescope of a galaxy that is 13.4 billion light years away is an exciting development. This is not only because it is further away than anything we have seen so far but also because it suggests that stars and galaxies were being formed at the very earliest stages of the universe, which is currently calculated as being 13.81 billion years old.
The new galaxy has been given the name of GN-z11. The distance is obtained by measuring the red shift z of the light from the galaxy and that value is z=11.1. The previous record was 13.2 billion light years with z=8.68. The data suggest that this new galaxy, like all newborns, is quite small (about 25 times smaller than our mature Milky Way with about one percent of its mass) but growing fast, forming stars at a rate that is about 20 times faster.
This animation from NASA shows the location of the new galaxy with reference to the constellations we are familiar with.
I am always impressed that we have learned so much about our massive universe that we can even make such an animation. I also wonder what young Earth creationists feel when they see news reports that state matter-of-factly that the universe if much older than 6,000 years.