Dr.Narendra Dabholkar – A Tribute

Cross posted from nirmukta.com

Image Courtesy: antisuperstition.org

Image Courtesy: antisuperstition.org

Dr.Narendra Dabholkar, a well known rationalist and anti-superstition activist from Maharashtra was shot dead in Pune on 20th August 2013. He was the Founder of the Maharashtra Andhashraddha Nirmoolan Samiti (Committee for Eradication of Superstition in Maharashtra). The Humanist community is shocked at this mindless violence. Narendra Dabholkar, a doctor by profession had dedicated his life to the cause of rationalism and humanism. He spearheaded several campaigns against superstitions and was involved in caste annihilation programmes. Narendra Dabholkar was campaigning to get an anti-superstition bill passed by the Maharashtra Government. A day after his death the Maharashtra state government cleared an Anti-Superstition and Black Magic Ordinance. The law seeks to make it punishable for self-styled godmen to prey on people by offering rituals, charms, magical cures and propagating black magic. He had made powerful enemies and had faced protests against his work.

Narendra Dabholkar also campaigned against rituals that harmed the environment. He won the court judgement that mandated all Ganesh idols to be made of clay and natural colors in Mumbai, where Ganesh is worshipped more fervently than anywhere else, and idols made using plaster of Paris and fluorescently bright paints which are environmental hazards and are dumped in the ocean in huge numbers every year. He became involved with movements against casteism and supported social justice for Dalits, such as Baba Adhav’s “Ek gaav, ek panavtha” (One village, one well) agitation. Dabholkar was the editor of a renowned Marathi weekly Sadhana, which was founded by Sane Guruji.

Dabholkar had several qualities which made him a revered figure among the Maharashtrian populace brought up on the Phule-Shahu-Ambedkar philosophy. For someone trained in the socialist milieu of fifties and sixties by the greats like Sane guruji,Mr. S.M.Joshi,the journey from medical profession to full time social service was natural and seamless.The various battles for social justice and empowerment of the masses he undertook were imaginative and inclusive – be it the debunking of Nirmala Devi or Parvati Ma or Sathya Sai baba, the Shani Shinganapur movement for the equal rights to women in religious matters, his support to other activists’ movements like those of Medha Patkar, Baba Amte, Baba Adhav, Abhay and Rani Bang.

A man never known to lose his cool in face of the most severe adversities, he was waging the war for the anti-superstition bill for eighteen long years. When he received a few years ago,a substantial sum of ten lakh rupees as token of appreciation for his selfless service, he did not think twice before giving it away to the movement. He never once talked about the personal sacrifices he made.Today the movement boasts of thousands of activists, many of them full timers who will not allow the baton to drop- a testimony to Dr.Dabholkar’s formidable organizational skills

Article 51A(h) of the Indian Constitution enjoins every citizen of the country to develop scientific temper, humanism and the spirit of inquiry and reform. Narendra Dabholkar was doing exactly that and it is terribly unfortunate that his work was cut short by such a dastardly act. We condemn this brutal killing and avow to carry his work forward.

We share below messages received from humanists who share our grief and outrage.

Narendra Nayak, President of FIRA:

If they think by shooting one of us they can stop the movement they are wrong – we shall fight harder. Salute to Narendra Dabholkar, a martyr to the cause.

Kunda Pramila Nilakanth, Activist:

Nirbhay bano! Lets fight ‘Censorship of Thought’. Be brave enough to Stand up against All Religious Terrorisms

P.Dayanandan, Retd.Professor, Madras Christian College:

Dabholkar comes in the tradition of those bold thinkers who tried to give greater meaning to human life. Rationalist like him do not assume that they have answers for all the questions that humans can and do ask. But where we do have answers, elegant and demonstrable, it is our responsibility to share this knowledge and convince others. Otherwise every easily explainable phenomenon can be turned into a mystery or miracle and become a powerful tool of exploitation.

The cumulative effects of such superstitious beliefs can build powerful organizations that not only exploit but also keep minds locked up in dark chambers of fear and hopelessness. This becomes fertile ground for fundamentalism, prejudice and hatred. It is one thing to ponder over, even cherish, our past beliefs and learn how and why they evolved and shaped human cultures. But it is another to swear by them as infallible and everlasting truths.

We owe it to all people, especially the young to live in a world where the mind is free to explore without the constraints of imposed dogmas,blind faith and threat of any kind. Silencing a gentle soul like Dabholkar with an ultimate cruel act of violence deprives humanity of the light that a few bold persons are willing to spread on a path, dark and confused.

V.Balakrishnan, Professor, IIT Madras:

I did not know Dr. Dabholkar personally, but of course I knew that he was reputed for his activism in highlighting the harmful effects of superstition, in particular the practising of barbaric acts and the brainwashing of gullible people by charlatans under the guise of ritual. In eliminating this brave spirit, the perpetrators have dealt a serious blow to the welfare of ordinary citizens by silencing a voice that spoke loudly and clearly in the cause of reason and rationality among human beings. This brutal and most reprehensible act will be condemned by all right-thinking people with a sense of morality. Remembering Dr.Dabholkar’s message of reason and taking it to heart would be the best way of commemorating him and his noble cause.

Shridhar Prabhu, Lawyer:

A great set back and irreparable loss to the world of science, reason and freethinking! Some four months back, I had a telecon with Mr. Dhabolkar. He was so enthusiastic about his future action plans and dreams, it made me feel as though I was speaking with a spirited youngster on his dreams!! Mr. Dabholkar’s relentless work among the needy masses, contributions to the realm of scientific thought and his endeavors to use law as a weapon to combat superstitions and blind belief will remain green in our hearts !!

P.K.Rath, President, Odisha Rationalist Society:

This fight will go on. As even in trying to eliminate the person who opposed the irrationality the irrational elements have had to resort to weapons of rationality (not a much-vaunted mantras and incantations of dark power but a bullet), it implies a victory: A resounding victory for rationalism. Every fighter of rationalism knows they carry this risk as it hurts the money, power and ascendancy acquired through corrupt means through crime against humanity. We are not afraid of that. What we are afraid of is leaving behind a world without the beacon of reason. Their ultimate sacrifice will give rise to more and more Narendra Dabholkars. We salute you and all that you have stood for in your active social life as a change agent and we unite ever so strongly to not to let your death go unrepented. The fight against irrationality will now be fought on more grounds and more fearlessly and fiercely than before.

Babu Gogineni, Director, International Humanist and Ethical Union:

A good and just man, a great human being, and one who was an inspiration to many has been cruelly snatched away by cowardly criminals who used assassination as argument.

It shows what a threat the gentle Dabholkar ji was to the forces of unreason. But the senselessness of it all – and the full implications of the calamity that has befallen us – will take time to sink in. How safe are the other officers of the Andha Shraddha Nirmulan Samiti?

That the Maharashtra Government rushed to issue today an Ordinance against the perpetrators of Black magic is a tragic success and an indication of the moral force Dhabolkar ji commanded in life and death. How are we to react to his refusal of police security saying his workers who do not have it would be exposed to danger if he was protected … the world is poorer for the loss of such nobility.

Dabholkarji’s life and his martyrdom places him alongside the great fighters for human freedom who are up in the skies lighting up humanity’s dark night with their star light.

With a heavy heart, and with no way of knowing how to console ourselves,
Babu Gogineni


  1. Sastra says

    Thank you for this. Grief and outrage is a hard combination.

    Dr. Dabholkar had a life that mattered. Let’s hope his legacy is even stronger.

  2. intergalacticmedium says

    Those are some beautiful tributes, I am not familiar with the man but he sounds like the type we could do with more of.

  3. throwaway, gut-punched says

    He sounds like a true friend and inspiration. I’m so sorry we’ve lost him.

  4. sunil says

    Dr.Dabholkar’s was an inspiring life. His initiative Maharashtra Andhashraddha Nirmoolan Samiti’s translation is much more emphatic than what is written in this memoir. It is Maharashtra Committee to uproot blind faith, does not pull punches.

  5. Onamission5 says

    Thanks for sharing this. Dr. Dabholkar sounds like a brave, kind, and passionate individual who the world is not a better place without. May the legacy he leaves behind live up to his ideals and then some.

  6. gwen says

    He will inspire people to fight. His legacy will not be destroyed. We forget how dangerous it is to be rational in other parts of the world.

  7. says

    I seriously cannot believe I’d never heard of this man until he was dead. Maybe this will be a wake-up call for India and the world.

  8. pradiprawat55 says

    Dr. Narendra Dabholkar’s contribution to Indian society can be aptly described by this Jerry Coyne quote

    We’re in a war not for science, but against superstition, which enables nonscientific views.

  9. sai kumar says

    I only came to know of Dr. Narendra Dabholkar after his unfortunate death. I have just started to read and understand his ideology which is truth. I hope his legacy continues even stronger.

    As said, yes this country doesn’t deserve these kind of people and the same was proved in case of Mahatma Gandhi.

    I hope we all understand God and Religion in truest sense.

  10. says

    What a terrible loss for the world, and for India. The purveyors of superstition will not give up their easy money in easy ways, but with violence and hate. My sympathies to the Doctor’s loved and loving ones.

  11. Sunil says

    Had a chance to hear him per chance at Ranade Institute in Pune long ago. He spoke about how superstition is born and propogated. A simple man with simple message about rising above superstition. The world let alone India is mired in it. People that killed him wish to obliterate his movement. We need more people like him. Moreover we need to mould ourselves and those around is to think rationally if we want the society to be less superstitious.

  12. Yogesh Kothari says

    apko ye aadmi ko janta ke samne lana hai. ye duplicate Asarambapu hai. Address- Hanumant Balkrishna Nerurkar, C- 46, Jay Luxmi Pooja Co.Op.HUSG. Soc., Kumbharkhan Pada, Subhash Road, Dombivali (West), -421202, Mob- 8108881392 / 9594401306 – BLACT MAJIC –

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