The 7 Most Intriguing Philosophical Arguments for the Existence of God was the title of an article and of course I had to click on it. The author George Dvorsky started with disclaimers, emphasizing that these were purely philosophical arguments unsupported by any kind of scientific evidence. He added some other caveats:
Now, none of these arguments make a definitive case for the existence of God, and many of them are (fairly) easily debunked or problematized (as I’ll try to show). But at the very least, they offer considerable food for thought.
Finally, by “God” or “god,” we’re not talking about any specific religious deity. As this list shows, the term can encompass everything from a perfect, omnipotent being to something that can be considered even a bit banal.
When you are not sure what you mean by god and you are speculating without evidence, then anything goes. So I was not expecting much and my expectations were confirmed, since the arguments ranged from the old to the wacky, as Dvorsky himself pointed out.
So what are these intriguing arguments?
- The very notion of an all-perfect being means God has to exist
- Something must have caused the Universe to exist
- There has to be something rather than nothing
- Something had to have designed the Universe
- Consciousness proves that immaterial entities exist
- We’re living in a computer simulation run by hacker gods
- Aliens are our gods
I suspect that most readers will already be familiar with all these arguments as well as the counter-arguments. You can read the article for elaborations on each.