Part 1 – An Explanation for Vaccination

This is something I have worked on for a while.

As you guys may remember I wrote a piece on an “Easy Explanation of Immunology” a while back. And I noticed one of the comments.

I apparently didn’t set it all the way to easy and there were some bits that needed further explanation so I started working on a series of pieces that explain vaccination properly.

So if you are new to the debate go have a read of the above article. It may not be as easy as I thought it was but the next series of posts will expand on it and try to hammer out some of the basics so that you can better understand the topic.

Let’s start with something sensible.

Why Do We Vaccinate.

Let’s start at the beginning. We vaccinate because prevention is better than a cure and therefore preventing the disease by boosting the specific immune system towards that disease will help save a lot of misery. In simple parlance “A Stitch in Time Saves Nine”.

There are two benefits to vaccinating

  • Immediate – It provides personal immunity. The person immunised is protected (for the most part… vaccines are not 100% effective but 95% is better than 0%) from disease. Initially these include diseases that are responsible for infant mortality including pneumococcus, rotavirus, HiB and Measles (Pneumonia, Diarrhoea, Measles and Meningitis are among the biggest killers of children world wide. Pneumonia, Diarrhoea and Measles kill more than a million children each worldwide). As you grow older more vaccines can be given to top up immunity as boosters or to protect against new diseases that you may be exposed to including during travel. In addition some vaccines such as the BCG may not protect you against a disease but protect you against the intensifying of the disease (The BCG stops the spread of Tuberculosis from the lungs which is pretty dangerous. More so than tuberculosis of the lungs which we normally associate with TB).
  • Society – This is immunity of the community or the “herd”. If enough people within a population are vaccinated, then you have broken the effective transmission of a disease by cutting out the victims. Let’s think of a population as a chess board. Now let’s say that diseases can only spread via adjacent squares. [BTW since I have no proper laptop I cannot do any fancy shmancy artwork to go with this so you guys need to use your imagination] So if no one in a population is vaccinated AND the disease we are using has a 100% transmission rate then eventually every single square on the board is infected. Now let’s vaccinate a new board with a vaccine that has a 100% effectiveness (In reality they are around 80 to 95% effective which is still pretty high and there are further knock on effects from the herd immunity in decreasing effectiveness). Now the disease cannot spread. Even if a bunch of squares are not vaccinated (Say the white squares) the disease still cannot spread because the black squares act as a barrier of transmission. However in reality since people move about you would need a higher incidence of vaccination rate than 50%. A vaccination rate of 90% effectively cuts out transmission of disease and a rate of around 95% is generally what we can achieve. Now let’s go back to those who aren’t vaccinated. The people who aren’t vaccinated are usually doing so because of a belief that vaccines are not effective or are dangerous. However there is a small group of people who cannot physically get vaccinated as the vaccines either trigger allergies or severe immunological reactions. There are some people whose immune systems are incompetent so vaccines wouldn’t work on them. These people are protected by the herd immunity by preventing the germ from getting to them by disrupting the chain of transmission. We actually went through this stage before and it is in this stage that the anti-vax live because for a long time they were rather a small minority and so were protected by the effect.

With the mainstream arrival of anti-vax as a entity this number has often fallen to levels where diseases have increased often with human costs. The best example of this can be seen in the recolonisation of pertussis in Australia and the resurgence of Polio in Africa courtesy of anti-vax propoganda.

The simplest demonstration of this principle can be seen in the UK. In 1998 the UK had just 56 cases of Measles. A disease once considered the scourge of childhood and the killer of millions (Measles once had a yearly mortality rate of 8 million people… Smallpox and Malaria are the only diseases that killed more). Why 1998?

Well in 1998 a little known doctor called Andrew Wakefield published a paper. Let’s not go into details her but suffice to say the paper was incorrect. However it sparked a fear of the MMR vaccine. It’s the year “Anti-Vax” made it big. Various newspapers reported the link between Autism and MMR as verbatim rather than indicated.  Wakefield also dragged his feet with regards to publishing his data. All the while he received a pretty cool £500,000 which works out to $1,000,000 for being an expert witness in an American lawsuit. This was “british taxpayer money” he had taken for his “original and ground breaking research”. And he was maliciously incorrect. His entire plan was to discredit the MMR and then flog his own replacement vaccine and take a massive cut from a court case. His research was exposed as categorically fraudulent but it took time and the damage was done.

In 2012 there were an estimated 2000 cases of Measles. There were 957 cases by the halfway mark and extrapolating that over the year you would get around 2000 cases. There are some states in India which post lower incidences to Measles than the UK and the UK is a first world nation. Measles is now endemic to the UK and eliminating it will take years. And this has come at the cost of lives and health. Andrew Wakefield’s so called research has killed and it will kill again.

The proof is as clear as day, the need to vaccinate is vital to prevent these diseases from recurring.

Part 2 should be up tomorrow!

Comments

  1. fantysq (a Radical Feminist and a Militant Atheist) says

    I’m glad I was born in Eastern Europe, we had doctors come into our house to vaccinate us kids (and parents had no right to keep the kids from getting vaccinated). I’m not sure if they still do this nowadays (there have been lots of healthcare cutbacks after the USSR collapsed), and poorer families probably either can’t afford transportation or don’t realise how important this stuff is due to the lack of education. It took me a few years to go get my Td vaccine (I was supposed to get it when I was 15, but actually got it when I was 18).

  2. Nathair says

    His entire plan was to flog vaccines

    Since the slang meaning of “flog” is “to promote, publicize or sell something aggressively” I don’t think that sentence reads the way you intended it to.

  3. says

    His entire plan was to FLOG a vaccine. He wanted to link the MMR to Autism so he could profit from an individual vaccine that he patented. He stood to make tends of millions as one of the sole makers of a pure Measles Vaccine.

  4. Nathair says

    The distinction between “flogging vaccines” and “discrediting vaccines and then flogging a rival vaccine of his own as a replacement” does not seem clear to me from that wording.

  5. M, Supreme Anarch of the Queer Illuminati says

    In 2012 there were an estimated 2000 cases of Measles. There were 957 cases by the halfway mark and extrapolating that over the year you would get around 2000 cases.

    This in particular made me stand up and take notice. When I started a volunteer internship at a hospital a couple of years ago, I couldn’t locate my vaccination records, and had to have a blood test for immunity. It turns out that my measles immunity (though not mumps and rubella, so it wasn’t a matter of a missed vaccination) had lapsed (if I was ever actually immune in the first place). The fact that I have never had measles is probably due to, well, herd immunity. Thanks to widespread vaccination, even if I wasn’t personally immune, few enough people around me were vulnerable that I was likely never exposed at all. I’ve been re-vaccinated (twice…), but I can still appreciate the benefit of being part of an almost-all-vaccinated population.

  6. F [nucular nyandrothol] says

    and then flog his own replacement vaccine

    I can perhaps see why it wasn’t clear to you from your reading, as you quote it incorrectly from memory. ;)

    On that same note, I hadn’t even recalled that aspect of Wakefield’s scam. I only remember that he was taking money and faking results to prop up court cases.

  7. glodson says

    The more I read about Wakefield, the worse my opinion becomes of the man. I never knew he intended to sell his own vaccine. All this hysteria so a fraud could make some money? Kids contracting diseases that they should never have so he can make some money? Kids who couldn’t get vaccines for medically sound reasons being put at greater risk for the sake of Wakefield’s bank account?

    I don’t know why, but that has me outraged. I long knew his study was fraudulent. But somehow thinking the man was incompetent, or really believed his own bullshit, lessened my outrage. I guess believing that he willing committed this fraud out of greed rather than stupidity makes it feel worse to me.

    I only hope people who didn’t understand this, how the immune system works or how vaccines work, will read your post on this.

  8. says

    Wow, wonderful weblog structure! The length of time are you currently blogging for? you made blogging look easy. The overall look of your online site is great, let alone the content!

  9. says

    There are certainly loads of details like that to take into consideration. That is a great point to deliver up. I offer the thoughts above as basic inspiration but clearly there are questions like the one you deliver up where crucial thing will be working in honest good faith. I don?t know if best practices have emerged around things like that, but I am sure that your job is clearly identified as a fair game. Both boys and girls feel the impression of just a moment�s pleasure, for the rest of their lives.

  10. says

    I�d need to examine with you here. Which isn’t one thing I often do! I take pleasure in studying a submit that may make individuals think. Additionally, thanks for permitting me to remark!

  11. says

    Thanks for sharing excellent informations. Your web-site is very cool. I am impressed by the details that you’ve on this blog. It reveals how nicely you understand this subject. Bookmarked this website page, will come back for more articles. You, my friend, ROCK! I found just the info I already searched everywhere and just couldn’t come across. What an ideal web-site.

  12. says

    I am also writing to let you understand what a extraordinary experience our daughter went through browsing yuor web blog. She realized lots of pieces, which include what it’s like to have a very effective teaching style to make many others with ease grasp a variety of tricky topics. You truly surpassed our own expectations. Thanks for giving the effective, trusted, edifying not to mention unique thoughts on that topic to Janet.

  13. says

    I really appreciate this post. I! been looking all over for this! Thank goodness I found it on Bing. You have made my day! Thank you again

  14. says

    That is the suitable blog for anybody who desires to seek out out about this topic. You understand a lot its virtually exhausting to argue with you (not that I truly would want…HaHa). You undoubtedly put a new spin on a subject thats been written about for years. Nice stuff, simply great!

  15. says

    There are some attention-grabbing points in time on this article however I don�t know if I see all of them heart to heart. There may be some validity however I’ll take maintain opinion till I look into it further. Good article , thanks and we wish extra! Added to FeedBurner as properly

  16. says

    Thanks for your write-up. One other thing is that if you are marketing your property yourself, one of the challenges you need to be cognizant of upfront is just how to deal with house inspection reports. As a FSBO retailer, the key towards successfully moving your property and saving money with real estate agent profits is understanding. The more you recognize, the simpler your home sales effort will likely be. One area exactly where this is particularly critical is information about home inspections.

  17. says

    You made some really good points there. I looked on the internet to find out more about the issue and found most people will go along with your views on this site.

  18. says

    Thank you a lot for providing individuals with an exceptionally spectacular opportunity to read from this site. It is usually very enjoyable and as well , packed with a lot of fun for me and my office colleagues to visit your web site on the least 3 times per week to read through the fresh things you have. Not to mention, I’m at all times fulfilled considering the stunning advice you serve. Certain 2 facts on this page are easily the most beneficial we have all had.

  19. says

    This website can be a stroll-by for the entire data you needed about this and didn’t know who to ask. Glimpse right here, and you’ll undoubtedly discover it.

  20. says

    Excellent blog! Do you have any helpful hints for aspiring writers? I’m hoping to start my own blog soon but I’m a little lost on everything. Would you advise starting with a free platform like WordPress or go for a paid option? There are so many choices out there that I’m completely overwhelmed .. Any tips? Many thanks!

  21. says

    you’re truly a good webmaster. The website loading pace is incredible. It kind of feels that you are doing any distinctive trick. Also, The contents are masterpiece. you have performed a fantastic process in this topic!|

  22. says

    I am curious to find out what blog system you happen to be working with? I’m having some minor security issues with my latest blog and I would like to find something more safeguarded. Do you have any solutions?

  23. says

    I as well as my friends have been viewing the excellent information from the website and then suddenly I had a terrible feeling I never thanked the web blog owner for them. Those ladies had been for this reason excited to read through all of them and have truly been having fun with those things. Thank you for turning out to be well thoughtful as well as for going for this form of helpful things most people are really wanting to discover. Our own sincere apologies for not saying thanks to you earlier.

  24. says

    Hi there! This post couldn’t be written any better! Reading this post reminds me of my old room mate! He always kept talking about this. I will forward this post to him. Fairly certain he will have a good read. Thanks for sharing!

  25. says

    Howdy would you mind letting me know which web host you’re using? I’ve loaded your blog in 3 completely different web browsers and I must say this blog loads a lot faster then most. Can you suggest a good web hosting provider at a honest price? Thanks, I appreciate it!

  26. says

    I wanted to send you that very small remark to thank you so much the moment again relating to the breathtaking things you’ve contributed in this case. It was so tremendously open-handed with people like you to convey openly exactly what a lot of folks would have offered as an electronic book in order to make some dough for their own end, certainly now that you could have tried it if you wanted. These concepts in addition served to become a easy way to comprehend most people have the same desire just like my own to know the truth lots more with regard to this problem. I am certain there are lots of more pleasurable opportunities ahead for individuals that scan your website.

  27. says

    A formidable share, I simply given this onto a colleague who was doing a bit of evaluation on this. And he actually bought me breakfast because I discovered it for him.. smile. So let me reword that: Thnx for the deal with! However yeah Thnkx for spending the time to discuss this, I really feel strongly about it and love studying extra on this topic. If doable, as you develop into experience, would you thoughts updating your weblog with more details? It’s extremely useful for me. Large thumb up for this blog post!

  28. says

    The actual overseas movability options really are a cost effective opportinity for people to settle joined in their excursion to foreign countries. Together with economical ideas, you will find added features in overseas SIM playing cards which are titled concern. Check out the rewards well before employing SIM solutions.

  29. says

    I will be astonished about the detail and exceptional you arranged into the next few paragraphs. Sustain in the cherished preserve other than this dilemma merchandise and preserve to compose composed composed composed articles posts posts like this! Thanks a lot.

  30. says

    Just wish to say your article is as astounding. The clearness in your post is simply spectacular and i can assume you’re an expert on this subject. Well with your permission allow me to grab your RSS feed to keep updated with forthcoming post. Thanks a million and please carry on the rewarding work.|

  31. says

    Youre so cool! I dont suppose Ive read something like this before. So good to find someone with some original thoughts on this subject. realy thanks for starting this up. this web site is something that’s wanted on the internet, somebody with a little originality. helpful job for bringing one thing new to the internet!

  32. says

    I am 50 many years outdated. Atomizers have only a coil and wick and depend on a cartridge or direct dripping to provide the e-liquid. I’m the type of person to display appreciation for excellent producing when it’s deserved. To perform this click on start, operate, then type in msconfig and strike enter. I get so considerably recently it’s driving me mad so any aid is extremely much appreciated. Gorgeous .. I am also lazy to complete all this crap

  33. says

    fantastic publish, very informative. I ponder why the other experts of this sector do not realize this. You should proceed your writing. I am sure, you’ve a great readers’ base already!

  34. says

    Nice post. I study one thing more difficult on completely different blogs everyday. It will at all times be stimulating to learn content from other writers and practice a little one thing from their store. I’d desire to use some with the content on my blog whether you don’t mind. Natually I’ll give you a link in your internet blog. Thanks for sharing.

  35. says

    great put up, very informative. I’m wondering why the other experts of this sector do not notice this. You must continue your writing. I am sure, you’ve a great readers’ base already!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>