Still Angry But Here are Some Results… »« Merry Christmas

Age of Kali – Dear India, The Rape Riots are a Message

Bwizamani Singh died on Christmas Eve. His only fault was his choice of career and what he was doing on that day. While most of us back home were preparing to tuck into turkeys and hams, Singh was covering the ongoing riots in Delhi against the rape of a 23 year old woman.

He was shot by the police…

As it is India struggles with freedom of speech without this sort of insanity. The reason for the shooting was accidental. The police were using live rounds to disperse the protesters and accidentally hit (which begs the question as to what they were fucking shooting at?) Singh.

Another reporter passed away in Manipur in a similar incident. The usage of live rounds to deal with protests must stop. Surely historical usage of such weapons should temper current usage? But worst of all is the reluctance to do anything… So all I have is this…

Dear India,

I was going to write a Christmas Message to the Roman Catholic Church about flogging hate, but instead it turns out I have to write a message of common fucking sense to you guys instead. I am ashamed to be an Indian man.

Do you fucking know why women are so fucking angry about the rape of a 23 year old? Why now every new rape case that comes to light in India (like the rape of Momoko, a Manipuri actress) will set off riots like the ones in Delhi?

Can you grasp why women are pissed? Why shouldn’t they be? They have fuck all to be happy about. Sexual harassment is so much the norm that they tell foreigners in guidebooks like the Lonely Planet or Rough Guide to watch out for sexual harassment. They tell them to try and travel in groups and to stick together and to try and bring a male companion with them to at least deter sexual harassment and rape attempts. Fuck all kinds of duck! Do you have any idea about how insulting it is to be regarded as “Molesters and Rapists” internationally? Fuck! My girlfriend is in Spain on holiday where a bunch of Indian men suddenly appeared to randomly hit on her while she took photographs. Do you have any fucking idea how creepy, misogynistic and just outright stupid that sounds? Has that every fucking worked? Has anyone driven around in their car honking at random women and had a woman get in of her own volition and without payment going either way? Have you ever wolf whistled a woman on the street and gotten a kiss instead (loved ones don’t count). You wouldn’t grope a woman in a night club unless she wanted you to unless you enjoy starting fights and being thrown out of clubs…, then why would you do so on a bus? Do you think that EVER works? And yes I understand there are women who fantasise about that just like there are women who fantasise about being raped but you want to know the most important part of a sexual fantasy is that it’s a FANTASY. If it gets acted out it’s under carefully controlled circumstances. If you like the whole Princess Leia Gold Bikini routine then you ask your partner to dress up as Leia/Jabba (I don’t judge you… you magnificent slime monster…). It doesn’t mean you should kidnap Princess Anne! If a woman has a rape fantasy it doesn’t mean you get to rape her… It means you get to PRETEND its rape. Fuck! This is basic. Basic stuff you need to teach all children. Consent is vital and consent gained through harassment or threats is NOT consent.

That is why I am ashamed. Because I have to say something this basic. You may say “Oh Avi, we Tamils aren’t like that”. We are. Rapes and harassment may happen less in the South than in the North doesn’t mean we don’t have the same problem, just on a different scale.

Pretty much any travel blog, guide or website on India says “Don’t dress in western clothes and prepare to get groped!” Incredible India? More like Incredible Rape Statistics. We are so pissed for around 600 Rapes in Delhi a year. The problem is how many rapes are actually reported? There are thousands of rapes in just Delhi that are going unreported. There are thousands upon thousands of sexual harassment incidents that simply go unreported. I bet there are at this point more women in India who have rape, molestation and sexual harassment anecdotes than women who have none… Any takers? All these women who are hacked off are hacked off because they have heard of friends being raped or harassed or have been the victims of this themselves.

The blame lies sorely on the men who rape, the people who obfuscate the issue and those who simply excuse the rape by involving something unrelated. If you came across a naked and unconscious woman and you had sex with her then you are still a rapist. It is not her fault, it is not the lack of clothes fault, it is not her presence that is the problem. It is always been the rapist. You cannot claim a lack of control over yourself because of her attire.

If I were wearing a suit and got mugged, no one would dismiss my case with the line “You shouldn’t have dressed for success, he must have thought you were a philanthropist”. No one would say “Well if you didn’t dress like such a philanthropist they wouldn’t take your money”. No one would say “Are you sure you didn’t give the money away and just are saying that to hurt this innocent charity case”?

It’s the same fucking them for rape. The fact that I have to make such a ludicrously stupid example up is how ludicrous it is to blame women’s clothes for being raped. What else do you want to blame? Our religions? TV? Games? Music? Movies? Those are all excuses because everyone knows that these rapes are due to a culture of sexual repression of both men and women and the consistent denigration of women and their rights. That in order to fix this Indians need to admit having a problem and destroy parts of a culture that they think is good and perfect. To claim that men cannot “control” themselves is insulting to the 50% of the entire world. It is denigrating your culture by excusing the behaviour of absolute bastards.

This collective rage has to be harnessed to make India better. The culture where we coddle our men has to stop. The culture where we treat women as arm candy has to stop. The culture where we don’t show women strong role models has to stop. The culture of treating women as unwanted, inferior or in some way incapable of doing things has to stop. Otherwise these rapes will keep happening and in a world where barriers are breaking down we will go down as “Rapists and Molesters”.

The Catholic Church has a reputation for hiding it’s child molesters for a reason. It is because it ACTUALLY did. Will India get such a reputation too? Will we start making Catholic Priest jokes about Indian men because that’s what it’s going to eventually come down to?

Eventually the rock throwing will stop, but the talking MUST start. India changes tonight and you cannot expect others to make the change. You have to do it yourself. It’s not for people like me to make this change for you. India is not my country no matter how brown my skin is. Indian however is my culture and this is why I weigh in.

We cannot keep being called a culture that is just endemically unsafe to women. It has to stop. Do you know how heart breaking it is to be told by your girlfriend that you are not like other Indians because I think the harassment isn’t attractive? That our dating strategy is akin to Stockholm syndrome…

The rage of these women is entirely justified. If you wish to show your support then please does so. Make some noise; let people in India who are in power know that they cannot keep hiding this horrific side to India. It’s our silence that has caused this to come to a point. All we can do is make noise and show the people who are fighting for justice and to stop rape in India that we support what they are doing. It doesn’t matter what gender you are, make your voices be heard. People in India need to know that we actually give a flying fuck and that we show solidarity against the people who make excuses and try and stop this change.

The rapes have to stop.

Merry Fucking Christmas and a Happy Fucking New Year.

Yours in disgust

Avicenna Last

Comments

  1. jimbond says

    Why are protesters playing to the gallery by raising irrelevant issues such as increasing the severity of the punishment. Instead the focus be on three things- first ensuring that more women come out into the public sphere- right now the percentage of women is too less in most public places. Second making the police force and police station more sensitive such that they are not perceived as instruments of further harassment. Third to reform the judicial system (and the system of prosecution) such that more convictions happen. Rapists don’t enjoy their terms in jail even if it is for 3/7 years. We have to ensure that at least they reach there.

    Emphasizing on tokenism, candle marches etc and gathering at public places provides lumpen elements the opportunity to create disturbances, and this also allows the police to take action against the protesters.

    And a policeman also died in the protests. The man who- in a better world- could have been working to protect the women and catching the rapists, was killed by mindless protesters. Who is responsible for this? the administrators, or the mindless media who ignite passions and then watch from the safety of the sidelines?

  2. barklikeadog says

    As a man I can assure you the excuse of not being able to control urges is a load of crap. I for one can control myself quite well. Never had that problem. Ever. Men, & I suppose the men in these societies use that, but it’s still an excuse for violence. That’s what rape is. It is simply pure mysoginistic violence. It makes me feel like puking when I hear of those stories. Fuck all.

  3. says

    jimbond, women will not enter the public sphere until the danger of rape, sexual assault, and sexual harassment is dealt with. Period. If you are not willing to do your part to stop those abuses, then you have no right to demand that more women go out in public.

  4. says

    Why are protesters playing to the gallery by raising irrelevant issues such as increasing the severity of the punishment. Instead the focus be on three things- first ensuring that more women come out into the public sphere- right now the percentage of women is too less in most public places. Second making the police force and police station more sensitive such that they are not perceived as instruments of further harassment. Third to reform the judicial system (and the system of prosecution) such that more convictions happen. Rapists don’t enjoy their terms in jail even if it is for 3/7 years. We have to ensure that at least they reach there.

    Because the entirity of India reports fewer rapes than the UK… A statistically impossible thing… If we considered the rate at which women are assaulted in the UK to be the same as the rate at which they are assaulted in India you would (after some math fu) realise that India’s report rate is less than 1%… That there are close to a MILLION rapes in India… And that is assuming same rates. From what we quickly realise is that rape is a lot more common…

    It is a crime that is being committed over and over again with little to no result. Even if it goes to court, the rapist can easily walk.

    Emphasizing on tokenism, candle marches etc and gathering at public places provides lumpen elements the opportunity to create disturbances, and this also allows the police to take action against the protesters.,

    Actually they violence is because people have had enough… They haven’t been listened to… What you think are tokenism and candle light vigils are the sane alternative… The other option is burning things till stuff gets achieved.

    And a policeman also died in the protests. The man who- in a better world- could have been working to protect the women and catching the rapists, was killed by mindless protesters. Who is responsible for this? the administrators, or the mindless media who ignite passions and then watch from the safety of the sidelines?

    After repeatedly attacking protesters with baton charges which is what sparked the riot. Women refused to leave a politician’s house alone so police attacked them with batons which started a straight up fight…

    Indian police are also notoriously corrupt. In fact many women do not go to the police because they themselves have a reputation for being “rapists”. There is currently another case knocking about of the world’s worst day for a woman who went to report a rape to the cops and got raped for her troubles… In many cases women who have tried to report rapes have been blamed for leading the men on, accused of being prostitutes or straight up ignored.

  5. says

    And a policeman also died in the protests. The man who- in a better world- could have been working to protect the women and catching the rapists, was killed by mindless protesters.

    Was he one of the guys with sticks beating unarmed protestors? I’m just trying to calibrate my sympathy.

  6. says

    Marcus Ranum – Catch 22 is important… the policeman will starve if he doesn’t follow orders…

    Basically? Politician’s house was picketed. Politician asked police to break it up… Police given the order to use force.

    The cops have a lot to blame but they don’t simply start hitting people for “funsies” during a protest. They usually get told to do so. It’s a really terrible problem and neither side helps when they say things like this… The reason for the death was “Fucking hell! That is not how you deal with this problem”. The policeman in this case has little to no blame since you do have to follow orders.

  7. Michele says

    Thank you for this posting. Is there anything we can do in the UK to support the people who want change? I read about that women today who committed suicide following a gang rape. So sad.

  8. Jennie says

    BRAVO!! I have been saying similar things for YEARS and years now. Every Indian man should read this and leran to grow the fuck up and STOP TORTURING, MOLESTING, RAPING, TRAUMATIZING AND RUINING THE LIVES OF WOMEN AND GIRLS!!!!! Stop blaming her for wearing this or that, ad nauseum!! STOP IT!!!

  9. says

    Jimbond @3,
    “playing to the gallery”, you say? Oh, what a gallery it is… Here is a snippet of what transpired in India in just 2012 (it’s a link to my blogpost that I wrote in anguish a few days ago).

    Even as outrage is pouring out over the horrific incident in South Delhi, just two days ago, a 3 year old girl was raped by the husband of the owner of the play school she attended in West Delhi. Again, three days earlier, a 40 year old widowed woman and mother of four was sedated and gang raped by four in Northeast Delhi. In September, a 16 year old from Assam was found to be confined at a house in West Delhi for eight days and raped by four men. Such is the shame of Delhi that even its own Chief Minister has had to accept the unsavory moniker of ‘rape capital’ for the city.

    Why point fingers at just Delhi? Just a few hours ago, I caught site of a news item on Twitter, via ANI news: 35 year old widow brutally gang raped by four in Chadmoni village, Malda, West Bengal; the woman was hospitalized in critical condition with severe wounds. No arrests had been made till then. Similar such abhorrent incidents have been reported from all over the country in the recent months.

    Haryana: In just one month (September-October) no less than 12 cases of rape and gangrape were reported from several districts in Haryana, namely, Rohtak, Hisar, Jind, Bhiwani, Yamunanagar, Panipat, Sonipat, Ambala, Karnal, Faridabad, Fatehabad, Gurgaon, and Kaithal.

    Mumbai: 3 year old girl raped by her father; discovered in November.

    Bhubaneshwar: 19 year old girl, a part time singer and dancer, lured away on the pretext of discussing a dance performance, and gang raped by five.

    Uttar Pradesh: A 38 year old married woman was gang raped by three neighbors at a bus stand in Mau. What is worse was the police inaction and apathy. From the report: “…Mau police refused to lodge a rape complaint and registered a case of molestation, eve-teasing and theft. In fact, the police had initially refused to entertain the complainant but registered a case in ‘mild sections’ of IPC after local media highlighted the matter…”

    Kolkata: Within months of the horrific Park Street rape case, at least two back-to-back incidents of rape again rocked the city.

    Tripura: This – while protests were going on in Delhi regarding the Delhi rape case; from a police report, a “37 year-old woman, mother of a 5 year old, was gang-raped at Bishalgarh in western Tripura on Wednesday night. After the rape, the women was stripped naked, brutally beaten up and then tied to a tree.”

    Meghalay: In a case that has escaped attention of the mainstream news media, just last week in Williamnagar, East Garo Hills District of Meghalaya, a girl was gang raped by a group of 16 boys.

    Mizoram: Just the first trimester of 2012 in Mizoram has witnessed about 40 cases of rape, of which in 80% cases the victim was a minor – again, a situation that has been ignored by mainstream media.

    Gujarat: 14 year old girl, kidnapped at knife point and repeatedly gang raped by four assailants in Viramgam city.

    Bangalore: Three women were kidnapped from their home and gang raped in Bidadi; around the same time, a 21 year old girl was gang raped by assailants in Bangalore University’s Jnanabharathi campus.

    Kerala: Last month, it came to light that a 13-year-old schoolgirl in Kerala’s Kannur district has been raped by her father, teenaged brother and uncle over the last two years, while the mother claimed ignorance.

    Tamil Nadu: A 13-year old girl, a class VII student from Thathankulam, was found raped and murdered, her body dumped in a bush near a railway level crossing – earlier today.

    And this chronicle of shame goes on and on.

    (I didn’t include the hyperlinks for fear of triggering the spam-check system, but the relevant links are in the above post I linked to.)
    And you think it is just easy for Indian women ‘to come out into the public sphere’?

    barklikeadog @4,

    but it’s still an excuse for violence. That’s what rape is. It is simply pure mysoginistic violence.

    Well said. There is no other excuse. And this is why there is the urgent need to impress it upon Indian men – the earlier, the better – that it is absolutely not acceptable to rape or to take part in any violent behavior towards women. This has to be done through every possible channel – by parents, by teachers at school, via popular media and so forth. At the end of my blogpost above, I linked to a TED talk by Tony Porter. It has an important message – the same message as mine – that the rape culture in any society, including the Indian society, can be dispelled only when men engage themselves towards bringing this positive change.

  10. Truth speaker says

    16th dec is the day of national shame & 29th dec is the day of national sorrow.whet i heard the news that the girl is no more i couldn’t resist myself & cried out.honestly we don’t have the right to pray for her soul rest in peace.we just can beg her forgivness,please forgive us angel where ever you are please forgive us.on behalf of all men i am begging you.as far as the matter of punishment is concern this rotten street dogs must be brutally tortured untill death & infront of publick,not just hang in a cell.

  11. says

    You are confusing justice with revenge and torture.

    If you do so you are no better than them, the real issue is Indian culture which has become so toxic towards women that crimes like this occur. The knee jerk response is not what is needed and is as bad as the people who blame women for this crime.

    India needs to change, and the way to do so is to change attitudes towards women. This is not the last such crime, there will be more. The question remains as to how they can change the attitude of men and women.

    This is not a short process we are looking at decades…

  12. says

    A powerful post, Avicenna. Violence against women is repugnant and immoral, and it needs to stop NOW. I hope India (and the world) can bring an end to the rape culture that fuels this violence.

  13. Natalie Sunker says

    Thank You Avi for this powerful post.
    Like Truth Speaker , I too found myself crying out aloud in shame for failing her and I cried in deep pain upon hearing the news of Brave Hearts death. Today, I am no longer going to remain the same person I was on Friday because this event has awakened all my deep seated sorrow at the way Indian men and men in general still treat women. As a South African Indian women / policy analyst/ legislator, I am all too aware of this disgusting problem plaguing our Societies. And yes, it is deeply rooted in the attitude of violence towards women as well as outdated cultural practices that keep women unequal. My late mother was gang raped in South Africa at age 53, and she too died having never recovered from the heinous crime. several of my neices too, have experienced similar horrors. In my own family, a third have been raped. Needless to say the perpetrators in South Africa always get away with it. And when impunity is the order of the day, it will lead to chaos. The answer must of necessity be a global response because sexual assault is treated differently internationally. Women must demand harmonisation and equal justice everywhere as this is a human rights issue. I am immediately making myself available to write Brave Heart’s Treaty indefinitely and until the job is done. I have the experience, Knowledge and know how in developing both Treaty’s and national legislation and I implore anyone out there who can assist me in this direction to do this important global legislation that will protect victims from this crime everywhere and anywhere they go. I realise that the only way I can honor Brave Heart is by fighting for the harmonisation of Sexual Assault Laws internationally and ensuring that her death was not in vain. I am giving up my life as a comfortable Texas Attorney and follow my conviction and I will not rest until my job is done.
    If there is anyone out there who feels the same, find me at ns[email protected]
    Natalie Sunker

  14. says

    We pass laws. We imagine and sometimes create leviathan bureaucracies. We scream on television. Yet India keeps rotting.

    Why ?

    Because of our casual attitude to pervasive corruption.

    Because of pervasive corruption or the culture of buying impunity for a price, a entire syndrome of malevolence is created, one of which is worship of the powerful and a suspicion and contempt of the powerless, a manifestation of which is the casual abuse of women and children.

    The problem is as humongous as the stash of illicit money circulating in India and in the planet.

    A relevant question is, can a Non Privileged India rely on any institution of governance, not to sell him to the highest bidder ?

    How are we going to rein in this monster of impunity ? How do we make India safe for civility ? How can ordinary Indians demand and achieve transparency and accountability on tap, as it were ?

    Only by understanding the depth, dimensions and ramifications of pervasive corruption in India.

    If we are resigned to corruption as part of our DNA, then we must resign ourselves to inequality and injustice.

    To a society of a few fat predators and the rest as bakras. A society in which the powerless will be reviled, hounded, starved, enslaved and consumed.

    Rape is only nominally a gender issue. It is substantially an impunity issue.

    And hence my stand against corruption, which is now a “no excuses”, ultra peaceful, non partisan, individual sathyagraha against corruption and for the idea of the rule of law in India.

    In its 23rd year. 1. http://goo.gl/qZup7 2. http://bit.ly/orCEMV

    I request your solidarity and support.

    Any struggle against a predatory authority is humanity’s struggle to honour the gift of life.

    You may also look in on me on @divakarssathya on @twitter.

  15. Muhammad says

    Dear all,
    I am also deeply aggrieved to hear this sad news and have my sympathies with..needless to say…a society with strong family bonding, sticking to religion & our cultural values with open heart & mind in today’s world, giving freedom & liberty to women folks to play a rather enhance role can protect them and this responsibility rests on all of us (men), state & as society whole….at the same time crime & its causes could not be eliminated without addressing it in letter & spirit in its totality, where rape doesn’t stand alone as a big problem, in my humble opinion we cannot resolve or eliminate or singe out only one big issue while leaving other big problems such as poverty, illiteracy, division of wealth & resources to all segment of life & society which could be rated as mother of all problems/crimes….we as individual & as society should break our silence & play some role physically rather than expressing our views on social blogs etc…the reason why we don’t see a positive change is silent majority which is good part of every society but not playing its pivotal role…please do something & contribute your part for the betterment of the society especially when you & us are among the “have ones” for those who are from the “don’t have ones”…..we must protect the rights of every creature, our environment & women folks who deserved the utmost attention in today’s world, where neo-slavery is flourished & strengthened, human trafficking of children, women & bonded labor with no job protection/rights to common person, while elites with no gender difference are holding the power of driving our society on their finger tips…..we need change…but not in only India…everywhere including my beloved country Pakistan….Let me tell you message of Muhammad PBUH the last messenger of God…..has the key to resolve the problems of all mankind….please try to understand Islam by not judging Muslims of our era, as they don’t represent the true picture of Islam…. if you wish to understand Islam, please read the holy Quran……

  16. SV says

    I’m an Indian women who doesn’t live in India, and I am every bit as disgusted and moreover, as a woman, I am scared. I completely agree with you about the reasons why women are protesting–we all know someone who has been raped/molested/abused, if not a personal experience. I don’t know how to go to India to protect myself because there is ABSOLUTELY NO REASON why these rapes occur. People like to blame women for dressing provocatively–rape happens even when a woman is not dressed provocatively. Society likes to blame women for being alone at a certain time of night–you don’t have to be alone, and in the recent case, there was a male there to “deter”. When I read what the Haryana Khaps were saying about rape (women get raped because they are not married…), I felt at arms at with myself so much so that I was crying hysterically–I kept thinking, rightfully, my country doesn’t want to protect me. My country doesn’t value me. I felt like the mentality of some of these people who think women aren’t in danger in India could be represented by some of the animal abuse videos–just put women there.

    I love your example with the man and the suit.

    I do feel though, there are parts I disagree with: especially the one about the wolf-whistling and harrassment and all that. I went to Italy and men whistled and tried to call my name. Heck, even in Canada, if there’s a college party going on and a woman passes by, people whistle, people try to attract attention. So while I think, regardless of what country this is done in, it’s degrading and pointless, I don’t feel that this is significantly indicative of rape statistics, and how the society as a whole feels about women.

    Secondly, I don’t think men in India (or anywhere for that matter) resort to rape because it has something to do solely with attraction. Sometimes it really feels like it was to “teach a lesson” or to make a statement. “Oh, you want to dress that way? I’ll show you what happens to loose women”. While there is sexual attraction, I’m sure, but I think it’s more about control. It’s more about oppression. It’s a “I’ll show you who’s boss” statement–not a “I think I find you so attractive, I just have to have you.” Both of us come to the same conclusion, however: India needs a complete education overhaul. When I was younger and studying in India, there is no sex education (more than “how to physically have sex”, it teaches one “how to have sex safely, mentally, emotionally, culturally, and physically”), and the anatomy section in biology curriculum is ripped out, not taught. Sexual taboo needs to be removed–and protests about rape is definitely one way to do it. One thing I was disappointed about over the protests is (though I haven’t followed it very closely) that the retribution they were looking for was just to convict these men and while this sets some sort of precedent for punishing those who have created this crime… the issue in India is not repeat offenders of rape, it is that men seem to feel okay raping women. The protests did not force government to provide any change to how the Police Department handles these cases, didn’t force the government to reconsider where this thinking stems from, did not force the government to address the issue that in India, women are seen as extremely low-class citizen.

    Do you think India will ever get to a place where it recognizes its mistakes in formal and cultural education that leads to a systemic belief that the rape victim is at fault (not just individuals thinking this, but a whole system is built around the belief that rape victims have some fault in the rape? With all the corruption in mind, when do you think India will recognize that women are citizens that are not to be abused by men?

    Sorry for the long response–I am just as passionate about this issue.

  17. j. says

    What irks me is your constant use of “fuck” and “fucking” as an expletive and curse.

    You may not notice it, but by using “fuck” and “fucking” (which is just a word for “sexual intercourse”) as an equivalent to “damned” or “despicable” you actually reproduce and amplify the same mindset as rapists: Defining sexuality as an expression of control and power, which is all rape is about.

    So please try not to use sexual language to express hate and scorn. Rape always is just the active expression of a way of thinking in which “to fuck someone” means to control and subdue him (or her).

  18. Chuckie says

    Hats off 2 u!Indians even d educatd ones stil act so illiterate.. When rape happens,..dis word always comes out,”the fault lies with da girl also.” it just shows dat indians treat women inferiorly.we are s equal as men.we can dres as we like,we can go out wen we want to.stop pointing fingers at us girls… Start judging urselves dos men hu think dat rape happens bcos of gals dresing sense n so n so..grow up guys!

  19. Antony says

    ha ha… 1st thing. Practice saying rape along with the name of one’s own nation. 2) sweep your own back yard for a change. Then when you are through with it, start with murder, pillage, arson, loot, shoot, and whatever you have in your backyard. Got the point?

  20. Antony says

    ha ha… 1st thing. Practice saying rape along with the name of one’s own nation. 2) sweep your own back yard for a change. Then when you are through with it, start with murder, pillage, arson, loot, shoot, and whatever you have in your backyard. Got the point? Anyone?

  21. Curently says

    Aside from just letting him chew on the links, I also used a chain of them to hook up toys to the stroller bars, so he could freely play with them but they won’t drop to the floor. Just remember to buy spare filters, light bulbs and the powercable. old school new body exercises

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